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Overview

Brief Description



Basilan, located between latitude 6°15' and 7°00' longitude 121°15' and 122°30', has an amassed historical jurisdiction of 135,892 hectares; mainland Basilan makes up 124,892 hectares of it. It is separated from the mainland of Mindanao by a strait approximately 17 miles wide at its narrowest.



Basilan, known as Provincia de Basilan in Zamboangueño and Lalawiganng Basilan in Filipino, is an island province within the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). It is the largest and northernmost of the major islands of the Sulu Archipelago, located just off the southern coast of the Zamboanga Peninsula. Its capital, Isabela City, is grouped together with Basilan for geographical and statistical purposes, but is administered independently as part of the Zamboanga Peninsula Region.



Brief History



Basilan (Zamboangueño: Provincia de Basilan; Filipino: Lalawigan ng Basilan) is an island province of the Philippines within theAutonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). Basilan Island is the largest and northernmost of the major islands of the Sulu Archipelago. It is located just off the southern coast of the geographic Zamboanga Peninsula. Its capital, Isabela City, is grouped together with Basilan for geographical and statistical purposes, but is administered independently as part of the Zamboanga Peninsula Region.

Basilan is home to three main ethnic groups, the indigenous Yakans, and the later-arriving Tausugs and Zamboangueño. The Yakans and Tausugs are predominantly Muslim, while the Zamboangueño are mainly Christian. There are also a number of smaller groups. Although the official language is English, the major language is Yakan and lingua franca is Zamboangueño Chavacano, but other languages are well represented, including Tausug and Samal.

Basilan, although classified as a 3rd-Class Province in terms of gross provincial income, has one of the lowest incidence of poverty in the Philippines (26.19% of the general population), ranked 20 among the Philippines' 80 provinces (in comparison,Maguindanao which is ranked last at number 80 has a poverty incidence of 44.24%). The gap between Basilan's rich and poor residents are among the narrowest in the country (ranked 3rd nationwide), pointing to one of the most equitable distributions of wealth anywhere in the country (Gini coefficient 0.2826, which is slightly better than the Provinces of Pampanga, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Tarlac, Cavite, Batanes and Batangas).



Major Industries



Agriculture, Mining, Logging, and Rubber



Major Crops



Copra, Rubber



Top Landmarks and Tourist Spots



Kum Purnah Mosque



Muslim Village



Malamawi Island



Santa Isabel Cathedral

General Information


Island
Mindanao
Region
AUTONOMOUS REGION IN MUSLIM MINDANAO (ARMM)
Province
BASILAN
Capital
Isabela
Language & Dialects
Population
293,322 (PSA, 2010)
Amazing

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